pulseEKKO® | Borehole GPR
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Borehole GPR

Borehole ground penetrating radar surveys are performed by inserting borehole antennas in open or plastic-cased boreholes as small as 33mm (1.25 inches) in diameter and collecting the signals from the borehole to an adjacent borehole or the surface. Borehole antennas are accessories of a standard low frequency pulseEKKO GPR system. The system utilizes the same transmitter and receiver electronics units as the low frequency surface antennas.

Borehole GPR Applications

  • Locate tunnels, cavities, and solution voids
  • Map beneath electrically conductive soils that limit surface deployed GPR
  • Detect underground storage tanks (USTs) under buildings
  • Detect large, buried UXOs in areas where magnetometers cannot be used
  • Examine rock mass uniformity
  • Locate leaks from USTs
  • Examine foundations, piers and piles
  • Locate conductive groundwater contamination
  • Monitor grout injection
  • Monitor environmental remediation such as air sparging
  • Measure the physical properties of stratigraphy
pulseEKKO® borehole GPR
pulseEKKO® borehole GPR

Borehole Survey Types

Zero Offset Profile (ZOP)

Quick and simple survey that is easy to interpret. Borehole antennas are moved together equal intervals and the signal between the boreholes is recorded. Variations in signal travel time and amplitude shows changes in material properties between boreholes including the presence of object or tunnels.

pulseEKKO® borehole GPR survey
pulseEKKO® borehole GPR survey
ZOP Data Image
ZOP data shows the variation in the arrival times of GPR signal sent between boreholes at different depths. At depths from 2.0 to 3.8 meters, the arrival times are shorter; this is due to a change in properties and could be result of an air-filled tunnel, a drier layer or a geological stratigraphy change.

Multiple Offset Gather (MOG)

A MOG is collected by fixing the transmitting antenna at one depth in the borehole while the receiving antenna moves at increments in the other borehole. Each MOG covers a triangular area between the boreholes. Multiple MOGs, each with the transmitting antenna at an incrementing depth are necessary to cover the whole area between the boreholes. Tomographic processing of the data is necessary to create images of the properties between boreholes (software available from third parties).

gpr borehole data collection
pulseEKKO® borehole GPR survey
A series of MOGs. Each MOG has the GPR transmitting antenna fixed at one depth and the receiving antenna moving from top to bottom in the opposite borehole.
pulseEKKO® borehole GPR survey
Multiple MOGs tomographically-processed into a velocity image showing a high velocity zone interpreted as a possible clandestine tunnel.

Vertical Radar Profile (VRP)

VRPs record signal from a single borehole to the surface. The transmitting borehole antenna is fixed at a depth and signal is sent to a receiving antenna moving increments across the surface. Multiple VRPs, each with the borehole antenna at an incrementing depth, are necessary to over the whole area. Processed data shows changes in material properties and objects in a wedge between the borehole and surface.

pulseEKKO® borehole GPR survey

Borehole GPR Features

pulseEKKO® borehole GPR handle
  • Slim diameter, waterproof, fiberglass casing
  • 50, 100 and 200 MHz borehole antennas available
  • Uses center-fed dipole antennas
  • Antenna casing sized to provide consistent antenna center point over all frequencies
pulseEKKO® borehole GPR handle
  • Waterproof, rugged cable connector with strain relief allows quick interchange of antenna elements
  • Unique stealth metallic cable system to deliver signals to and from the antennas with minimal external interference
pulseEKKO® borehole GPR wire
  • Cables marked at 0.25m intervals for easy positioning
pulseEKKO® borehole GPR wire
  • Shielded enclosures to house transmitter and receiver and minimize interference

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Case Studies

Bathymetric survey | Sub Bottom Profiler GPR

Hydrologists and engineers often require accurate water depth and information about sub-bottom stratigraphy in shallow freshwater lakes and rivers. Uses can vary from estimating available water volumes to the engineering design of new structures.

Learn more

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