pulseEKKO® | Deep Ground Penetrating Radar
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pulseEKKO®

Specifications

System Specifications

Specifications Values
Time Window Up to 64,000 ns
Points per Trace Up to 30,000
Stacking 2048 (65,536 for Ultra receiver)
Maximum System Performance Standard Receivers: 186dB + 10log10(Stacks), e.g. 219dB @ 2048 stacks
3200 (Ultra) Receiver: 186dB + 10log10(Stacks), e.g. 234dB @ 65,536 stacks
Sampling Digital Equivalent Time Sampling (DETS)
Data quality assurance Active temperature and voltage compensation
Pulse Repetition Frequency (PRF) Variable, up to 100 kHz
Temporal Sampling Increment (hardware) 5 ps

 
 

Low Frequency Hardware Specifications

Low Frequency Antennas

Specifications 12.5 MHz 25 MHz 50 MHz 100 MHz 200 MHz
Size(cm) 736 × 14 × 5 368 × 14 × 5 184 × 14 × 5 92 × 14 × 5 46 × 14 × 5
Size(in) 289.8 × 5.5 × 2.0 144.9 × 5.5 × 2.0 72.4 × 5.5 × 2.0 36.2 × 5.5 × 2.0 18.1 × 5.5 × 2.0
Weight 7.2 kg (15.9 lbs) 3.6 kg (7.9 lbs) 1.8 kg (4.0 lbs) 1.2 kg (2.6 lbs) 0.8 kg (1.8 lbs)
Elements 5 3 1 1 1
Feed Center Center Center Center Center
Connector Parallel Parallel Parallel Parallel Parallel
Center Frequency (MHz) 12.5 25 50 100 200
-6dB Bandwidth 6 – 18 MHz 12 – 38 MHz 25 – 75 MHz 50 – 150 MHz 100 – 300 MHz

Transmitter & Receiver

Specifications Transmitter (LP) Transmitter (VP) Receiver (1600) Receiver (Ultra, 3200)
Operating Temperature -40℃ to +55℃ (-40℉ to +131℉) -40℃ to +55℃ (-40℉ to +131℉) -40℃ to +55℃ (-40℉ to +131℉) -40℃ to +55℃ (-40℉ to +131℉)
Size 260×150×110 mm (10.2 × 5.9 × 4.3 inches) 260×150×110 mm (10.2 × 5.9 × 4.3 inches) 260×150×110 mm (10.2 × 5.9 × 4.3 inches) 260×207×110 mm (10.2 × 8.1 × 4.3 inches)
Weight (no batteries) 1.7 kg (3.65 lbs) 1.7 kg (3.65 lbs) 1.7 kg (3.65 lbs) 2.0 kg (4.4 lbs)
Battery Weight (each, 2 required) 0.7 kg (1.54 lbs) 0.7 kg (1.54 lbs) 0.7 kg (1.54 lbs) 0.7 kg (1.54 lbs)
Power Consumption 150 mA @ 12V 500 mA @ 12V 125 mA @ 12V 500 mA @ 12V
Maximum Voltage 14 Volts 14 Volts 14 Volts 14 Volts
Low Power Warning at 11 Volts at 11 Volts at 11 Volts at 11 Volts
Cable Interface Fibre Optics Fibre Optics Fibre Optics Fibre Optics
Active Compensation -40℃ to +55℃ (-40℉ to +131℉) -40℃ to +55℃ (-40℉ to +131℉) -40℃ to +55℃ (-40℉ to +131℉) -40℃ to +55℃ (-40℉ to +131℉)
Receiver Sensitivity N/A N/A 1.5uV lsb 0.79uV lsb. to 31.7uV lsb (User Programmable)
Data Recording N/A N/A 16 bit 32 bit

 
 

High Frequency Hardware Specifications

High Frequency Transducers

Specifications 250 MHz 500 MHz 1000 MHz
Size(cm) 20 × 38 × 38 16 × 23 × 23 12 × 15 × 15
Size(in) 7.9 × 14.5 × 14.5 6.5 × 9.1 × 9.1 4.7 × 5.9 × 5.9
Weight 3.0 kg (6.6 lbs) 1.2 kg (2.6 lbs) 0.6 kg (1.3 lbs)
Power Consumption 1.5 Watts, 125 mA @ 12V 1.5 Watts, 125 mA @ 12V 1.5 Watts, 125 mA @ 12V
Elements Resistive Dipole Resistive Dipole Resistive Dipole
Feed Center Balanced Center Balanced Center Balanced
Connector Metallic cable Metallic cable Metallic cable
Center Frequency (MHz) 250 500 1000
-6dB Bandwidth/th>

125 – 375 MHz 250 – 750 MHz 500 – 1500 MHz

Borehole GPR Hardware Specifications

Borehole Antenna 50 MHz 100 MHz  200 MHz
Length 1.84 m (73 inches) 1.44 m (57 inches) 1.21 m (48 inches)
Weight 1.3 kg 1.1 kg 0.9 kg

 

Specification Value
Borehole antenna diameter 29 mm (1.125 inches)
Minimum borehole diameter 33 mm (1.25 inches)
Borehole cable length 30 m (100 feet)
Borehole separation 2 to 20 meters

Battery Specifications

Specifications Values
Transmitter and Receiver Batteries
(for 12.5, 25, 50, 100, 200 MHz Antennas)
12 Volts, 2.3 AH, 0.7 Kg (1.54 lbs)
182 × 24 × 62 mm (7.2 × 0.9 × 2.4 inches)
Tow Mode Belt Battery 12 Volts, 9 AH, 2.6 Kg (5.7 lbs)
160 × 80 × 100 mm (6.3 × 3.1 × 3.9 inches)
Grey SmartCart Battery 12 Volts, 9 AH, 3.6 Kg (7.9 lbs)
240 × 190 × 110 mm (9.4 × 7.5 × 4.3 inches)
Battery Charger
(for Belt & Grey SmartCart batteries)
AC mains input: 100-240V, 1.5A, 50/60Hz
Output: 12 Volts @ 1 Amp

DVL Specifications

Specifications Values
Length 24 cm (9.5 in)
Width 24 cm (9.5 in)
Depth 6.8 cm (2.7 in)
Weight 2.75 kg (6.1 lb)
Input Power 11-18V, 4A maximum
Power Consumption (with Control Module)* 18 Watts, 1.5 Amps @ 12 volts
Screen 8.0 inch diagonal, high-visibility, sunlight-readable LCD color display
Resistive touchscreen (can be used with or without gloves)
Adjustable backlighting
1500 NIT and 800:1 contrast ratio
Wireless Integrated modules: Wi–Fi (IEEE 802.11 b,g,n) 2.4 GHz
Integrated Global Navigation Satellite System Receives GPS/GLONASS (+/−10m)
Audio Built–in speaker–85dBA speaker w/volume control
Storage 8 GB Internal (see Internal Memory Data Capacity table below)
CPU Speed Quad Core, 800 MHz
Ports USB, RS232, 2 × 15–pin GPR ports, Odometer, Power
Temperature & Environmental Ruggedized, environmentally sealed unit and connections.
Ingress protection (IP) rating: Rated to IP65 under IEC 60529
Relative Humidity operation (non–condensing): 10–90%
Operating temperature range: −30 to 50℃
Regulatory Specifications EMC–FCC, CE, IC, ACA, RSM
Safety–TUV, CE

 
*The power specification represents average power consumption. Power profile varies at initial power-up, and under different operating conditions. Sensors & Software supplied batteries can manage the variation in power profile. Care should be taken if powering systems with another power source.

Internal Memory Data Capacity based on Antenna Frequency

Frequency Step Size (m) Time Sampling Interval (ps) Time Window (ns) Approx. Depth (m) V=0.1 m/ns Number of Points/Trace Line Kilometers
12.5 2 6400 2000 100 313 21,000
25 1 3200 1000 50 313 10,600
50 0.50 1600 500 25 313 5,300
100 0.25 800 200 10 250 3,100
200 0.10 400 100 5 250 1,270
250 0.05 400 60 3 150 930
500 0.02 200 40 2 200 300
1000 0.01 100 20 1 200 151

Case Studies

Glacier Mapping

Glaciers contain large volumes of fresh water. Mapping glaciers 3D shape indicate the volume of available water. This study highlights work by University of Calgary scientists engaged in mapping the volume of Stagnation Glacier in Canada.

Learn more

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